Bromeliads consist of a wide variety of plants with the ability to flourish in a diverse set of climates. The appearance of their foliage is also varied. The leaves can appear symmetrical or irregular in shape. Some have a wide flat shape, while others are almost needle-thin in appearance. Often developing as a rosette, the foliage is considered by most to be the most varied in color and appearance of all the plant species. Versions of these plants have multiple leaf colors, including shades of green, purple, gold, yellow, red and white. Some may have spots of maroon or cream or display distinct color shading on the upper and lower sides of the leaves.
Air circulation for these plants is crucial. Without fresh flowing air they are deprived of proper moisture and carbon dioxide. Bug and fungal infestations are increased for plants that do not receive proper air flow, this can cause a decline in the health of the Bromeliad. Turning a fan on low or opening a window on warmer nights is a simple but effective way of keeping your plants happy and healthy.
Light extremes are less of an issue with Bromeliads. Direct sunlight, indirect light and even low light conditions seem to work well with these types of plants. The following is a simple guide for providing the best light environment for your particular variety. Species that have leaves with a softer texture, greenish in color and thinner leaves, generally do better with indirect light. Species that are stiffer, grayish in color and have thicker leaves seem to enjoy more direct sunlight.
Watering Bromeliads is straight-forward and simple since they are capable of surviving long periods with little or no water. Usually issues arise if the plants are watered too much as this tends to cause root rot. Soil that does not drain well can also cause problems. Potting soils that are porous and drain well should be used to help ensure the continued health of your plant. Water your plants completely, you can tell when this process is complete if water runs out of the bottom of your container. Check the surface soil weekly and if it feels dry, then water it according to the process mentioned previously. During cooler periods of if your plant is in an air conditioned area, check the soil twice weekly.
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Air plants are actually called Tillandsias, which happens to be part of the Bromeliaceae or Bromeliad species. They have also been labelled as Epiphytes, as they do not need to have soil to grow. The air plant is often found in the jungles, mountain tops, and deserts, of Central and South America, and Mexico and the the southern United States in North America.